DISCOVERIES OF NEW PLANTS SPECIES IN NORTHEAST GEORGIA, SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES IN THE LATE 19th AND EARLY 20th CENTURIES
by Zvezdana Ukropina-Crawford
| William M. Canby (1831-1904), a plant collector, botanist, and businessman from Delaware (on the left), and Charles S. Sargent (1841-1927), a founder and director of the Arnold Arboretum at Harvard, Massachusetts in undated photo (1890'). In October of 1898 Canby and Sargent traveled in company of John Muir (1838-1914) , a famous conservationist, and they visited Rome and botanized in the Floyd County. Charles S. Sargent made two more trips to the Floyd County in 1899 and in 1900.|
Image by courtesy of Claude E. Phillips Herbarium at Delaware State University, Dover, Delaware and they retain © image's Copyright:
|My collections of Asclepias spp. L., Milkweeds from the Berry College Campus, Mt. Berry Georgia, (1994)
In the late nineteenth century Alvin (Alvan) W. Chapman, a botanist from Florida discovered some new plant species in the Floyd County, Georgia. Plant collector Henry W. Ravenel , from South Carolina discovered a new species of moss also in the Floyd County.
Chauncey D. Beadle, a botanist from North Carolina and Charles S. Sargent, collected in the Floyd County and published new species of Crataegus spp. L., Hawthorns in the late 1890’s. These findings made Rome and the surrounding area well-known botanical sites in the scientific world. Early collections of the new plant species from the Floyd County have been deposited in the herbariums of: The University of North Carolina; Auburn University; Harvard University; The Smithsonian Institutions; Missouri Botanical Garden; New York Botanical Garden; Field Museum of Natural History, and The University of Georgia.
| THE NEW SPECIES FROM THE FLOYD COUNTY, GEORGIA
|Aureolaria patula (Chapman) Pennell, Spreading Yellow Foxglove,
||Solidago flaccidifolia Small, Mountain Goldenrod
||Scutellaria incana Biehler var. punctata (Chapman) C. Mohr, Dotted Skullcap,
|| Scutellaria montana Chapm., Large-Flowered Skullcap,
| Ilex longipes Chapman ex Trel., Georgia Holly
||Philadelphus floridus Beadle, Florida Mock Orange
||Viburnum bracteatum Rehder, Limerock Arrow-Wood
||Crataegus aemula Beadle, Rome Hawthorn
|Crataegus iracunda Beadle, Stolonbearing Hawthorn
|| Crataegus sargenti Beadle, Sargent's Hawthorn
||Crataegus tristis Beadle, Minute Hawthorn
|| Crataegus triflora Chapm., Three-Flower Hawthorn
|Cryphaea ravenelii Aust., Ravenel's Cryphaea Moss
||Isoetes appalachiana D.F. Brunton & D.M. Britton), Appalachian Quillwort
BOTANICAL SITES IN THE FLOYD COUNTY, GEORGIA
THE OOSTANAULA RIVER VALLEY
|| Some of my collections &images:
| Pocket Area, ridges of the Horn Mountain,
Chattahoochee National Forest;|
USDA Forest Service, Conasauga Ranger District
|Castanea dentata (Marsh) Borkh., American Chestnut;
Ilex longipes Chapman ex Trel., Georgia Holly
| Whitmore's Bluff, limestone cliffs over the Oostanaula River; Private property
|| Trillium lancifolium Raf. , Philadelphus spp. L., Mock-Orange; Crataegus triflora Chapm., Three-Flower Hawthorn
| Flatwoods and The Lavender Mountain at the Berry College Campus; DNR Wildlife Management, Berry College, Mt. Berry, Georgia
Asclepias amplexicaulis Sm., Curly Milkweed,
Asclepias longifolia Michx., Longleaf Milkweed,
Asclepias purpurascens L. , Purple Milkweed,
Asclepias variegata L., White Milkweed,
Asclepias verticillata L., Whorled Milkweed
Asclepias viridis Walt., Spider Milkweed,
Cirsium carolinianum (Walt) Fern&Schub., Purple Thisle,
Gentiana saponaria L. , Soapwort Gentian,
Hydrangea arborescens L., Wild hydrangea
Marshallia mohrii Beadle & F.E. Boynt, Coosa Barbara Buttons.,
Matelea decipiens (Alexander) Woodson , Oldfield Milkvine,
Matelea gonocarpos (Walter) Shinners , Corky Milkvine,
Platanthera ciliaris (L.) Lindl., Yellow fringed orchid,
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell. (var., Smooth Solomon's Seal,
Scutellaria integrifolia L. , Helmet Flower;
Scutellaria ovata Hill ssp. ovata, Heartleaf Skullcap,
Carya myristicaeformis Nutt., Nutmeg Hickory
Crataegus calpodendron Medik., Pear Hawthorn, Urn Tree
Crataegus crus-galli L., Cockspur Hawthorn
Crataegus iracunda Beadle , Stolonbearing Hawthorn
Crataegus marshallii Egglest., Parsley Hawthorn
Crataegus spathulata Michx., Littlehip Hawthorn
Crataegus viridis L., Green Hawthorn
Pinus palustris P. Miller, Longleaf Pine,
THE ETOWAH RIVER VALLEY
|Silver Creek area,|
South Rome; The City of Rome
|Crataegus tristis Beadle, Minute Hawthorn, Crataegus spp., Hawthorns
THE COOSA RIVER VALLEY
|Park of the Myrtle Hill Cemetery , Rome; The City of Rome
||Ulmus serotina Sargent,
|The Marshall Forest Preserve, a National Natural Landmark, Rome; The Nature Conservancy in Georgia
||virgin forest, some rare plants
|The Black's Bluff Preserve, 500 million year old limestone cliffs over-looking Coosa River; The Nature Conservancy in Georgia
||Crataegus triflora Chapm., Three-Flower Hawthorn;
Viburnum bracteatum Rehder, Limerock Arrow-wood; Arabis georgiana Harper, Georgia Rock-Cress
|Lock and Dam Park at Coosa River Nature Center; The City of Rome
|| Crataegus triflora Chapm., Three-Flower Hawthorn;
Neviusia alabamensis Gray, Alabama Snow-Wreath
|The Coosa Valley Prairies , Flatwoods near Cave Spring; The Campbell Group, LLC
||Helianthus verticillatus Small, Whorled Sunflower; Marshallia mohrii Beadle & F.E. Boynt, Coosa Barbara Buttons.;
Crataegus aemula Beadle, Rome's Hawthorn ; rare plant species
|McGee Bend Site
|| Crataegus sargenti Beadle, Sargent's Hawthorn
| ABOUT THE FLOYD COUNTY, GEORGIA
The Floyd County (34o16' N and 85o13' W) is in the Ridge and Valley Province of the Northwest Georgia. About 300-600 million years ago deep sediments of sandstone, shale, and limestone were laid down, and area was covered by shallow sea during the Paleozoic. At the downtown of the city Rome the Oostanaula and the Etowah Rivers combine to form the Coosa River. The first inhabitants, the Paleoindian hunters, arrived in North Georgia over 9,000 years ago. After the land lottery of the Cherokee lands in 1832 the Floyd County was established. The Cherokee Nation was relocated to Oklahoma in 1836.
A map of my collections site from 1994-2009 in the Flatwoods area at the Berry College Campus Mt. Berry, Georgia.
(The green area at the Lavender Mountain Drive is Longleaf Pine Project started in 2009.)
Reference: This map was extracted from the map “Berry College Outdoor Recreation Trails” produced by Berry College Land Resources, LH.
Dr. Susan E. Yost, Educator at Claude E. Phillips Herbarium, Delaware State University, Dover, Delaware took the time and effort to contribute this image of William M. Canby and Charles S. Sargent. June 2009.
1. Battey, George Magruder, Jr. A history of Rome and Floyd County : State of Georgia, United States of America ; including numerous incidents of more than local interest, 1540-1922 Atlanta : Cherokee Publishing Company, ed. 1969.
2. Image taken by Zvezdana Ukropina-Crawford, September 04. 2009.
Note: Presently, Zvezdana Ukropina-Crawford lives in Athens, Georgia.
Last updated on April 14, 2015.
© Copyright Zvezdana Ukropina-Crawford! 2004-2015., Athens, Georgia, U.S.A.